May 02, 2005

April 27

The question of "playing dice" pops up every now and then. 't Hooft has inspired many people like M. Blasone, P. Jizba, and H. Kleinert who wrote Quantum Behavior of Deterministic Systems with Information Loss. Path Integral Approach. They have utilized the Faddeev-Jackiw treatment of singular Lagrangians which entirely obviates the need for the Dirac-Bergmann distinction between first and second class, primary and secondary constraints used in their earlier work. Finally, the authors conclude: "Our result supports the strong version of the holographic principle [6], namely that while deterministic degrees of freedom of a system scale with the bulk, the emergent quantum degrees of freedom (i.e., truly observed degrees of freedom) scale with the surface."